Evidence Library

Showing 10 of 182 results.
Elizabeth Rigby, PhD •
George Washington University, Columbian College of Arts and Sciences

This study examined economic and health outcome data from all 50 states between 1999-2010. The researchers find better health outcomes in states that enacted higher tax credits for the poor or higher minimum wage laws and in states without a right-to-work law that limits union power. These policies focus on increasing the incomes of low-income and working-class families, instead of on shaping the resources available to wealthier individuals.

Barbara Dennison, MD •
Health Research Inc./New York State Department of Health
Trang Nguyen, MD, DrPH •
Health Research Inc./New York State Department of Health

Breastfeeding provides maternal and infant health benefits. Maternity care practices encompassed in the 10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding are positively associated with improved breastfeeding outcomes. This study assessed changes in maternity care practices and lactation support.

Don Des Jarlais, PhD •

This study reviewed changes to laws permitting ‘syringe exchanges’ and the provision of public funding for such programs, and finds that most of the changes in law occurred during the 1990s, five to 10 years later than in many other countries.

Marizen Ramirez, PhD, MPH •
University of Minnesota

This study, published in Injury Epidemiology, finds that bullying victimization increased one year following the passage of an anti-bullying law in Iowa, possibly due to either improved reporting or over-identification, and did not start to go down until three years after the law was implemented.

Lainie Rutkow, JD, PhD •
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health
Caleb Alexander, MD, MS •
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

In the first year that two Florida laws aimed at curbing opioid prescriptions were in effect, the state's top opioid prescribers wrote significantly fewer prescriptions of this type of pain medication, according to a new study published June 2, 2016, in Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

Jeffrey Swanson, PhD •
Duke University, PHLR Methods Core
Allison Gilbert Robertson, PhD, MPH •
Duke University
Marvin Swartz, MD •
Duke University
John Petrila, JD, LLM •
University of Southern Florida

This article examines gun-related suicide and violent crime rates in people with serious mental illnesses, and whether legal restrictions on firearm sales to people with a history of mental health adjudication effectively prevent gun violence.

Tony Kuo, MD, MSHS •
Los Angeles County Department of Public Health

This study examined the extent of public awareness and use of school-based physical activity resources in Los Angeles County. Findings suggest that while a large percentage (57.7%) of people have access to school-based physical activity resources, only a portion (30.3%) use them.

Jennifer Pomeranz, JD, MPH •
New York University

This study examined the variability in state laws related to workplace wellness programs for public and private employers. It finds that 33 states and DC had laws related to workplace wellness programs in 2014. State laws varied greatly in their methods to encourage or shape wellness program requirements.

Access maps on LawAtlas.org that detail laws for public and private employers.

Wenjun Li, PhD •
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Cheryl Sbarra, JD •
Massachusetts Association of Health Boards, Inc.
Margaret Reid •
Boston Public Health Commission

A 2011 Boston regulation that set minimum pricing and packaging requirements has successfully reduced the availability of fruit-flavored cigars that were becoming increasingly popular among youth, according to a new study published in Tobacco Control.