This project will develop and implement a streamlined alternatives assessment tool appropriate for use in a regulatory context. The alternatives assessment compares alternatives to lead and to one another across a variety of attributes.

Research questions include: What existing uses of lead in the United States and the nature of their associated human exposures? Second, for selected uses of lead, are safer alternatives available or emerging? Third, for those alternatives, what are the barriers to diffusion, if any, and how can public health law be used to overcome those barriers?