The majority of states require some level of parental involvement when a minor decides to obtain an abortion. These regulations generally require either notification or consent, or both, from one or both parental figures or legal guardians before the patient may undergo the procedure. In 1979, the U.S. Supreme Court established a “judicial bypass” requirement in Bellotti v. Baird, which allows a court to waive the parental involvement requirement.
This dataset captures state laws that address restrictions applied to abortions for minors in effect as of December 1, 2019, as well as case law and attorney general opinions that affect the enforceability of these laws.
This map was created as part of the Abortion Law Project, a collaboration between the Policy Surveillance Program, Guttmacher Institute, Resources for Abortion Delivery (RAD), American Civil Liberties Union, Center for Reproductive Rights, National Abortion Federation, and Planned Parenthood Federation of America.