A major research collaboration between the Philadelphia Police Department and researchers in the Department of Criminal Justice involving over 200 police officers on foot beats around some of the city’s most violent corners may spark a revision of a long-held view of police patrol.
Mental illnesses and substance abuse disorders constitute a global public health problem of enormous proportions. Developing and implementing cost-effective interventions to improve the lives of people with mental illnesses and comorbid substance abuse disorders remains a challenge for multiple, interfacing service systems, from public health to social welfare to law enforcement, the courts, and corrections.
Michelle Mello, J.D., Ph.D., PHLR Methods Core member, and colleagues recently published "Relationship between Quality of Care and Negligence Litigation in Nursing Homes" in the New England Journal of Medicine. The authors analyzed information on tort claims brought against 1465 nursing homes between 1998 and 2006 to 10 indicators of nursing home quality drawn from two U.S. national data sets: the Online Survey, Certification, and Reporting system and the Minimum Data Set Quality Measure/Indicator Report.
Now available: New article written by PHLR’s Scott Burris and Evan Anderson “Making the Case for Laws that Improve Health: The Work of the Public Health Law Research National Program Office.” This piece was published in the special symposium issue of the Journal of Law, Medicine, and Ethics (JLME).
Workplace barriers contribute to low rates of breastfeeding. Research shows that supportive state laws correlate with higher rates, yet by 2009, only 23 states had adopted any laws to encourage breastfeeding in the workplace. Federal law provided virtually no protection to working mothers until the 2010 enactment of the "reasonable break time" provision of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
The Public Health Law Research program has released its 2011 call for proposals, for awards aimed at building the evidence base for strengthening the use of regulatory, legal, and policy solutions to improve public health.
A member of the PHLR Methods Core, Jeffrey Swanson is a professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Duke University School of Medicine. Swanson is a medical sociologist (Ph.D., Yale, 1985) with expertise in psychiatric epidemiology and mental health law and policy studies, and the author or co-author of more than 140 research publications on topics including violence and severe mental illness, the impact of involuntary outpatient commitment law, and psychiatric advance directives.
PHLR has awarded seven travel scholarships to public health law researchers and practitioners to attend the PHLR Annual Grantee Meeting in Tempe, Arizona. This meeting provides a forum for current PHLR grantees to share research progress and findings, discuss methodological concerns and innovations, and identify effective ways to disseminate research results to inform public health law practice and policy debates. The 2011 travel scholarship winners are:
Sara Abiola, J.D., doctoral candidate, PhD Program in Health Policy, Harvard Graduate School of Arts and Sciences;
Philadelphia, Nov. 24, 2010 –Thirteen new research projects on the public health impacts of laws and regulations on issues such as lead exposure, vaccinations, emergency preparedness, and the structure of state health agencies were funded today by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s (RWJF) Public Health Law Research (PHLR) program.
TODAY, THE Centers for Disease Control and Prevention will launch a campaign to stop the overuse of antibiotics, which are fast becoming useless in the war against resistant infections.
The CDC is right on target. We cannot afford to simply wait for new antibiotics to solve this crisis. It takes years to develop new drugs and meanwhile resistant micro-organisms like the one carrying the NDM-1 gene are spreading fast.