Evidence Library

Showing 10 of 133 results.
Marizen Ramirez, PhD, MPH •
University of Minnesota

From 2013 to 2014, researchers conducted 47 semi-structured interviews with school and district administrators in Iowa about its 2007 anti-bullying law. Administrators identified many policy implementation challenges related to funding and staff, prevention programs, applying the law’s bullying definition in investigations, and understanding the school’s jurisdiction for policy enforcement. They also raised contextual barriers to implementation, like media portrayals of bullying and parental attitudes.

 
Scott Burris, JD •
Center for Public Health Law Research

The authors describe Five Essential Public Health Law Services and suggest investment in the people, methods and tools needed to move major policy initiatives from conception to widespread implementation. The model reflects a transdisciplinary approach integrating public health legal practice with law-related surveillance, evaluation and enforcement functions usually performed by public health practitioners. As an elaboration of law-related activities within the Ten Essential Public Health Services, the framework can be used to define, evaluate and strengthen public health law functions.

 
Marie-Claude Lavoie •
University of Maryland at Baltimore

Researchers from the University of Maryland Baltimore found that the alcohol sales tax increase resulted in a 6 percent annual reduction in the rate of alcohol-positive drivers involved in an injury crash with an even more pronounced effect among younger drivers.

The alcohol sales tax impacted drivers 15 to 20 years old and 21 to 34 years old more than the older age groups. Among young drivers, there was a 12 percent annual reduction following the alcohol sales tax increase.

 
Marizen Ramirez, PhD, MPH •
University of Minnesota

Schools are often held responsible for preventing or addressing cyberbullying, yet little is known about school administrator perceptions of cyberbullying and the challenges they face in addressing this public health issue. This study examined school administrators’ perceptions of the facilitators of cyberbullying and barriers to primary and secondary prevention strategies.

 
Cheryl Sbarra, JD •
Massachusetts Association of Health Boards, Inc.
Margaret Reid •
Boston Public Health Commission
Wenjun Li, PhD •
University of Massachusetts Medical School

This article reviews Boston's 2012 cigar packaging regulation and its impact on young people's access to inexpensive flavored cigars. 

 
Elizabeth Rigby, PhD •
George Washington University, Columbian College of Arts and Sciences

This study examined economic and health outcome data from all 50 states between 1999-2010. The researchers find better health outcomes in states that enacted higher tax credits for the poor or higher minimum wage laws and in states without a right-to-work law that limits union power. These policies focus on increasing the incomes of low-income and working-class families, instead of on shaping the resources available to wealthier individuals.

 
Barbara Dennison, MD •
Health Research Inc./New York State Department of Health
Trang Nguyen, MD, DrPH •
Health Research Inc./New York State Department of Health

Breastfeeding provides maternal and infant health benefits. Maternity care practices encompassed in the 10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding are positively associated with improved breastfeeding outcomes. This study assessed changes in maternity care practices and lactation support.

 
Don Des Jarlais, PhD •
amfAR

This study reviewed changes to laws permitting ‘syringe exchanges’ and the provision of public funding for such programs, and finds that most of the changes in law occurred during the 1990s, five to 10 years later than in many other countries.

 

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