Evidence Library

Showing 10 of 109 results.
Marie-Claude Lavoie •
University of Maryland at Baltimore

Researchers from the University of Maryland Baltimore found that the alcohol sales tax increase resulted in a 6 percent annual reduction in the rate of alcohol-positive drivers involved in an injury crash with an even more pronounced effect among younger drivers.

The alcohol sales tax impacted drivers 15 to 20 years old and 21 to 34 years old more than the older age groups. Among young drivers, there was a 12 percent annual reduction following the alcohol sales tax increase.

 
Marizen Ramirez, PhD, MPH •
University of Minnesota

Schools are often held responsible for preventing or addressing cyberbullying, yet little is known about school administrator perceptions of cyberbullying and the challenges they face in addressing this public health issue. This study examined school administrators’ perceptions of the facilitators of cyberbullying and barriers to primary and secondary prevention strategies.

 
Cheryl Sbarra, JD •
Massachusetts Association of Health Boards, Inc.
Margaret Reid •
Boston Public Health Commission
Wenjun Li, PhD •
University of Massachusetts Medical School

This article reviews Boston's 2012 cigar packaging regulation and its impact on young people's access to inexpensive flavored cigars. 

 
Elizabeth Rigby, PhD •
George Washington University, Columbian College of Arts and Sciences

This study examined economic and health outcome data from all 50 states between 1999-2010. The researchers find better health outcomes in states that enacted higher tax credits for the poor or higher minimum wage laws and in states without a right-to-work law that limits union power. These policies focus on increasing the incomes of low-income and working-class families, instead of on shaping the resources available to wealthier individuals.

 
Barbara Dennison, MD •
Health Research Inc./New York State Department of Health
Trang Nguyen, MD, DrPH •
Health Research Inc./New York State Department of Health

Breastfeeding provides maternal and infant health benefits. Maternity care practices encompassed in the 10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding are positively associated with improved breastfeeding outcomes. This study assessed changes in maternity care practices and lactation support.

 
Don Des Jarlais, PhD •
amfAR

This study reviewed changes to laws permitting ‘syringe exchanges’ and the provision of public funding for such programs, and finds that most of the changes in law occurred during the 1990s, five to 10 years later than in many other countries.

 
Marizen Ramirez, PhD, MPH •
University of Minnesota

This study, published in Injury Epidemiology, finds that bullying victimization increased one year following the passage of an anti-bullying law in Iowa, possibly due to either improved reporting or over-identification, and did not start to go down until three years after the law was implemented.

 
Lainie Rutkow, JD, PhD •
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health
Caleb Alexander, MD, MS •
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

In the first year that two Florida laws aimed at curbing opioid prescriptions were in effect, the state's top opioid prescribers wrote significantly fewer prescriptions of this type of pain medication, according to a new study published June 2, 2016, in Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

 
Jeffrey Swanson, PhD •
Duke University, PHLR Methods Core
Allison Gilbert Robertson, PhD, MPH •
Duke University
Marvin Swartz, MD •
Duke University
John Petrila, JD, LLM •
University of Southern Florida

This article examines gun-related suicide and violent crime rates in people with serious mental illnesses, and whether legal restrictions on firearm sales to people with a history of mental health adjudication effectively prevent gun violence.

 

Pages